What exactly is a pond?

  Ponds can be defined as:

Man-made or natural water bodies between 1m2 and 2 ha in area which hold water for 4 months of the year or more (Pond Conservation Group, 1993)


 Pond history

  There are currently about 478,000 ponds in England, Wales and Scotland.  Natural ponds have been around commonly for millions of years and as a result many species have become specially adapted to them.  Although there are few natural ponds around today ponds are still common in our landscape, which is lucky for the many freshwater species that depend on them.

 Types of man-made ponds include; dew ponds, duck ponds, dye ponds, fish ponds, forge/furnace ponds, hammer ponds, heathland ponds, livestock watering ponds, mill ponds, moats, ornamental garden ponds, silts ponds, swimming pools and many more.


 Pond plants

  The following are a list of some of the native British plants found in ponds: Water mint, Water forget-me-not, Lesser spearwort, Marsh pennywort, Common spike-rush, Articulated rush, Watercress, Branched bur-reed, Reed sweet-grass and Greater pond-sedge, Yellow flag, Bulrush, Curled pondweed, Water star-worts, Water milfoils and Water crowfoots.


 Pond animals

 Water voles, otters, bats, newts, frogs and toads, toad, grass snake, Rams-horn snails, Pond snails, Water beetles, Diving beetles, Crayfish, Freshwater shrimp, Moorhens, Mallard ducks, Heron, Snipe, Swallows and many more.